The anti-1080 position is rock solid, and infallible.
1080 should be treated the same as the chemicals that are used for water treatment, example: Fluoride which can cause an drop of IQ in children. This fact has been uncovered by assessing statistics. It is obvious that IQ of humans cannot be modelled on rats. A lowering of IQ cannot be found by tests on animals.
The child's brain is the most sensitive organ to poisoning that is why a NZ Doctor filed his concerns to the authorities and has been ignored.
DOC and Animal Board are employing the common tactic to fool people around namely presenting the favourable to their purposes part of the safety procedure while omitting or hiding as secret the second part.
The very same tactic was employed by other Governments to push water fluoridation all around the world.
We should not be afraid to face this 1080 scientology bunch who want double and triple 1080 drops, because if we are wrong and 1080 is okay then nobody would get killed anyway, but if we ‘God forbid’ are right then these psychopaths killed and maimed a lot of people they had brainwashed.
The only way to catch them redhanded is the statistics, because of the delayed effects of poisoning. The poisoning would change the spectrum of illnesses in this country pertinent to 1080. The anti-1080 position is rock solid, basically infallible.
Each year, masses of acutely lethal, poison-laced foodstuffs is aerially distributed into the New Zealand (NZ) natural ecosystems. The most common toxin used is sodium mono-fluoroacetate (known as 1080), which is an oxygen metabolism-disrupting agent with very high toxicity to air-breathing organisms.
The NZ Department of Conservation (DOC), Federated Farmers, Forest and Bird and the Animal Health Board, all claim that aerial poison operations are an ‘essential strategy to protect vulnerable indigenous flora and fauna from exotic mammalian pests, and the benefits of use outweigh the risks’. The reality however, is that these statements lack scientific basis and there are flaws, inaccuracies and unknowns in the chemistry of 1080 and its microbial de-fluorination. This is misleading to the NZ public and dangerous to the NZ environment. Unbiased information on 1080 from independent scientists and researchers can be found here: www.fishingoutdoors.org; www.1080science.co.nz and www.tvwild.com.
$11)WHAT IS 1080?
1080 is the salt form of the naturally-occurring toxin, ‘sodium mono-fluoroacetate’ found in several poisonous plants around the world. Plants have developed it as a natural defence against browsing mammals. The mechanism of toxicity for both naturally-occurring sodium fluoroacetate and manufactured 1080 is the same.Once in water, the sodium bond dissociates, leaving fluoroacetate in solution. Therefore, after ingestion, manufactured 1080 works the same as naturally occurring sodium mono-fluoroacetate.
There is no natural form of manufactured 1080.The name ‘Compound 1080’ is used for a relatively complex, manufactured chemical compound which can be stored in its dry form as a crystalline powder. 1080 in salt form it is called sodium mono-fluoroacetate which shouldn’t be confused with the natural form of mono-fluoroacetate which is potassium mono-fluoroacetate. Medical herbalists strongly believe toxins in plant form can be metabolised by the body, however manufactured forms like 1080 cause excruciating pain when metabolised. When 1080 is added to water it rapidly dilutes, but the toxic fluoroacetate molecule remains intact along with its metabolite fluorocitrate (also highly toxic).
$12)ARE THERE CREDIBLE SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON 1080 USE?
There is a clear and credible scientific body of evidence that aerial 1080 is effective at killing possums, rats and stoats and increasing populations of native species. There are studies on the risks associated with 1080, showing these are very small.
From 1954 to 2018 there were 102 unintended poisoning incidents and deaths from 1080 and brodifacoum to humans, protected wildlife, dogs, stock, native birds, aquatic life and wild game. This includes 31 cases of suspected human poisonings, and one fatal death (Ian Buchanan) who died a “ghastly death” in Dunedin Hospital in 1966. Coroner J Murray found Buchanan died from "central nervous system depression accompanied by respiratory and cardiac failure due to 1080 poisoning”. Since 1954, there have also been approximately 10,000 deaths of farmed deer and cattle1. Over one year there were 65 cases of poisoned dogs which were reported by a sample of 17 Veterinarians. If these outcomes were extrapolated to the whole of NZ, the number of poisoned dogs would be significantly higher.
$13)WHY IS 1080 AERIALLY APPLIED?
Ground control of pests is important however it can’t be used solely across the native forest that spans the country where there is no other control of possums, rats and stoats. In years when there is abundant seeding in forests rats and stoats need to be killed quickly and effectively. This can’t be achieved with ground control. Aerial 1080 kills all three of the big pests (stoats, rats, and possums) at the same time, making it much cheaper than ground control.
Possums are the main source and carrier of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in NZ. In the early 1970s, it was discovered that possums were the source of chronic infection in cattle herds. In NZ, bovine TB infection transfers relatively easily from possums to cattle and deer due to the proximity of farmland to bush areas. Possums and ferrets are responsible for over 70% of new infections in cattle and deer herds, with infected possums known to live in around 40% of NZ.The national ‘TBfree’ programme has reduced the number of TB-infected herds by more than 90% in the past decade.
Prior to the introduction of 1080, wild animals were controlled by trapping and shooting, with the addition of and placed poison. Wild animals such as deer, pigs and possums were successfully controlled by men on foot throughout the wild back country of NZ for decades. As sales of deer, possum and rabbit skins increased with international demand in the 1940’s, followed by demand for wild venison, commercial hunting increased to adequately control animal numbers. There is no doubt that the previous methods worked and can be further enhanced in today’s environment by improved technology and commercial incentives. Virtually no part of the NZ terrain can be classed as inaccessible or too remote.
In the early 1980s, 3.2 million possum pelts contributed $23 million to the export market. If his had continued, the growth in the trade of wild animal products would keep numbers to acceptable levels, at no cost to the taxpayer with added employment opportunities. By contrast, the 1080 industry today has eliminated these opportunities, cost taxpayers $100 million per year along with harming our natural environment.
There is no evidence to support the claim that possums spread TB to cattle. The Broadcasting Standards Authority found OSPRI guilty of false advertising due to lack of evidence to support this claim. The transfer of TB in NZ has always been on the back of trucks, and the recent M.bovis debacle has exposed how appallingly inept OSPRI’s3 management has been of the NAIT tracking system, which helps explains why TB has never been completely eradicated. MP Richard Prosserbelieves ‘possums have been maligned, they are not the cause of bovine TBas claimed by TBFree and nor did they damage the forest as claimed by NZ DOC’. His assessment was based on questions he’d asked Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy and following conversations with long time possum trappers and outdoorsmen. In Parliament the Minister replied that of 124,000 possums autopsied over the last 10 years, 54 had bovine TB. “That’s a rate of 0.04 per cent” replied Richard Prosser. “Of 9830 possums autopsied in the last 12 months, none had TB. That’s zero percent. OSPRI claims of wild life spreading bovine TB, are totally wrong.” On this basis, NZ could (and should) declare itself TB free. Yet the Animal Health Board and now OSPRI have continued to operate and make claims as though the disease is rampant. Is this not fraud? "Taranaki which had several TB outbreaks, had no possums,” said Laurie Collins. “So much for the possum TB myth.” The single biggest reservoir and vector for bovine TB is cattle. Given the vested interests and the need to keep selling 1080 in increasing quantities. OBVIOUSLY, THE FACILITY WHO SOLELY PRODUCES 1080 WANT TO KEEP THE TENS OF MILLIONS A YEAR THEY GET FROM SELLING THEIR POISON.
$14)WHAT EFFECT DOES 1080 HAVE ON ANIMALS AND THE ENVIRONMENT?
1080 is water soluble and naturally breaks down into harmless substances through the process of biodegradation and dilution. It does not accumulate or leave permanent residues in soil, plants, water or animals and presents little risk to the surrounding environment. Research demonstrates that when residue from uneaten 1080 bait seeps into the soil, microorganisms break it down into non-toxic by-products (called biodegradation). 1080 bait biodegrades in one to two weeks in warm, moist conditions. In extremely dry and cold conditions, the process may take several months. Most 1080 operations take place in wet winter or spring conditions. Extensive testing of public water supplies has never shown 1080 to be present. When 1080 is placed in water, it quickly dilutes to minute quantities. External, independent research has confirmed that 1080 presents very little risk to waterways, and the people and wildlife that use them. There have been NO scientific studies into the potential harm to human health through sublethal doses of 1080 (this would be unethical).
The risks of 1080 to aquatic species is considered very low because fish are tolerant to 1080. Additionally, 1080 contamination of water is rarely found during 1080 operations and when it is, it is at extremely low levels. Birds are less susceptible to 1080 but introduced birds (i.e. blackbirds and chaffinches) are found dead after aerial poisoning operations. Lizards and fish appear tolerant of 1080, according to overseas research. Although 1080 is toxic to bees, baits used in pest control are generally not attractive to bees.
1080 is stable below 200˚C except when it is ingested by a living cell. By this definition, 1080 is biodegradable and any aerobic cell will do, like the cells you and I are made of, or the cells of a morepork, frog, dolphin, insect or tree. There are a few anaerobic species able to degrade 1080 without visible harm, however most 1080 dropped will eventually encounter a susceptible living cell which will try to metabolise it and it will be damaged or killed. Once a cell is dead, all enzymatic processes stop and any remaining fluoroacetate or its metabolite fluorocitrate stop being degraded, leaving poisoned carcasses uncollected, each one capable of poisoning or killing the next scavenger. Because 1080 stops being broken down and is still lethal, it poisons and kills invertebrates such as insects, maggots and other invertebrates that would ordinarily breakdown most of the carcass, which leads to a much slower breakdown by bacteria only. DOC et al, insists on describing 1080 as ‘biodegradable 1080’ however this is a spin, because it trades upon the commonly held belief that ‘biodegradable’ is ‘good’. Biodegradable ONLY by damaging or killing cells is NOT ‘good’.
In animal studies, when 1080 is administered in trace amounts for an extended period, it behaves as a male reproductive toxin and potential endocrine disruptor, damaging the testicles of male rats and sparrow. It has also been shown to cause birth defects in foetuses of female rats. The effects of 1080 exposure on humans have not been assessed however, 1080 is a known deadly poison and classified as a ‘teratogen’ with no effective antidote – WHICH IS OF GREAT CONCERN.
The rat population can quickly recover from high kill rates (>90%) within 6 months due to their ability to breed. It is therefore inconceivable that aerial poison operations deliver any long-term benefit to bird populations in NZ, because they breed and recover more slowly than their rodent predators.
Measurements of 1080 concentrations in invertebrates were compared with the known toxicity of 1080 in insectivorous birds, along with their diet and food consumption rates. Results indicated that small birds such as tomtits can receive lethal doses from as little as 1.32g of insects or 14.7% of its daily food intake. Most insectivorous bird species studied could receive lethal doses by consuming less than 30% of their daily insect food ration. Undesirable ecosystem-level effects have already been observed from possum and rat removal after 1080 operations. One example is stoat prey-switching from rats to birds. Before the poison operation, rats were the main component of stoat diet (rats 74%, birds 3%) and afterwards stoats switched to eating birds (39%) due to the marked decrease in rats.
The majority of any forest bio-mass is insects and micro-organisms. 1080 was originally used as a lethal insecticide in France in 1927 to kill moths. When 1080 is dropped into a forest, it causes mass poisoning of the insect population. Landcare Research Entomologist, Mike Meads found insects exposed to 1080 suffered a high death rate. Invertebrates are highly susceptible to 1080 poisoning because they eat the baits and are also exposed by eating carcasses of poisoned animals. Our native birds starve because there are less insects for them to eat or they’re poisoned by dietary 1080 and its metabolites.
1080 poison has been detected in honey carried by bees to their hive. In bees, the protracted death (up to 1.5 hours) allows the bee to make several foraging trips and it stocks the hive with poison before succumbing to the poison itself.
The lack of knowledge on the effects of 1080 on invertebrates was identified by the Environmental Risk Management Agency (ERMA) as a “data gap” and some ecologists have warned of severe effects. Notman (1989) believed that “the impact of 1080 on invertebrates is likely to be far-reaching, considering both the wide range of invertebrates reported as being susceptible to 1080 and the variety of microhabitats in which 1080 is available to insects”. Dr Byrd pointed out that our native koura, will most likely be affected, and killed by 1080, if enough is eaten. DOC denies 1080 harms koura and claims they can eat it and pass it out safely. When koura are present, they are poisoned in all streams under three metres in width, on all aerial drops where cereal bait is used. They are also a food source for other animals and fish.
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that there is NO safe level for 1080 poison in drinking water. Sadly, the amount of unscientific and misleading statements that are being conveyed through the media by NZ government departments, including the propaganda that 1080 poison is ‘safe’ to drink - is extremely disturbing. The manufacturer's warning label should be enough to highlight this error. The maximum amount of 1080 residue allowed in drinking water by the NZ Ministry of Health is 2.0 ppb howeverthis official contamination limit has never been tested. IT IS A GUESS? ‘Hormone disruptors can be effective in parts per trillion which is enough to disrupt hormone systems’ Dr Sean Weaver, Victoria University (2009). 1080 does dissolve in water, but it remains in the water and does not lose its integrity. It is diluted, but the molecules are still sodium mono-fluoroacetate molecules. Therefore, it is neither biodegradable or safe and in fact the products sodium fluoride and fluoride are toxic to humans and ecosystems, and have been responsible for deaths, and illness. In a distilled water aquarium without biota, 1080 residues declined by only 16% . In another study, 1080 solutions prepared in distilled water and stored at room temperature for 10 years showed no significant breakdown; moreover, solutions of 1080 prepared in stagnant algal-laden water did not lose biocidal properties for 12 months. For 1080 to dissolve in water and not render harm like DOC and TBfree say, conditions need to be 20-30 degrees, sunlight and still water. But where are these conditions found in the NZ bush?
1080 is one of the most toxic poisons on earth. It is dangerous at minuscule levels and highly soluble. It is considered a potential terrorist weapon and banned in most parts of the world because of its danger. DOC will tell you there is ‘no effect’ on soil after using 1080 however, when you look at the area where 1080 poison bait stations have been located the area around the bait stations have dead grass and foliage. J.A. Peters of the NZ Forest Service concluded that “1080 is toxic to plants”. For example cabbage has been shown to accumulate 1080 through its roots, and becomes toxic to aphids. Karamuramu plants take up 1080 the highest concentration measured at 5 ppb, 7 days after bait placement. When 1080 breaks down in the soil, the remaining element, fluoride, is released and is highly toxic to mammals because it displaces iodine which regulates immune function. Despite public concern and recommendation by J.A. Peters, exhaustive testing has never been undertaken on the environmental impact of 1080.
IS 1080 A FORM OF ANIMAL CRUELTY?
1080 is rated internationally as of medium/moderate cruelty. Targeted species ingesting a full dose rapidly lose consciousness. While animals may exhibit muscle spasms and laboured breathing for many hours, they're generally not awake to experience it. We have all seen our dogs dreaming with legs moving spasmodically, vocalisation, eyes open but rolled back. Limb movement, vocalisation, and partially open eyes observed in anti-1080 videos do not necessarily indicate consciousness.
NZ’s Animal Welfare Act has a special clause 30A which allows DOC and its contractors to “wilfully and recklessly ill-treat wild animals or animals in a wild state”. Imagine an epileptic seizure and multiply it by a factor of 1000 and draw it out to 6-48 hours then you might have some idea as to how horrific death caused by 1080 actually is. In these seizures the victims can be thrashing around so violent that they shear off every internal organ, muscle and tendon from bones, and in dogs they can dislocate every limb and their jaws and eyes will protrude out of sockets onto the cheeks. The pain is unimaginable and if you are to witness it you will carry the memory of this horror all your life. 1080 has been banned in most other countries due to animal cruelty and the risks of the toxin to the population without any form of antidote.
1080 poisoning results in a slow and inhumane death and is considered a cruel and heinous act of torture. Sadly, in NZ millions of targeted and untargeted animals are tortured to death from 1080 and other poisons such as brodifacoum.
1080 IS DESCRIBED AS AN ECOTOXIN because it can enter the entire food chain. Apart from the obvious risks of inhaling dust or handling bait, there is a far greater risk of health degradation through minute traces of the toxin in our everyday water supply and foods such as honey, milk, meat and fish through frequent yet undetectable sublethal doses which enter the food supply through vegetation.Independent NZ research is required to see how this poison behaves in populations living within the poison in their environment.
1080 AFFECTS EVERY SINGLE ASPECT OF THE ECOSYSTEM AND IS THE GREATEST BETRAYAL TO CONSERVATION, FAUNA AND FLORA AND HUMANITY WE HAVE EVER SEEN!
 NZ Register of Unintended Poison Events from pest control poisons
 OSPRI is a partnership between primary industries and government and manages NAIT and TBfree.
The Green Party's pest control policy a pathetic joke
Use of Poisons in Animal Pest Control
Currently animal pest control in Aotearoa New Zealand involves the extensive use of poisons in ground and aerial operations because they are generally cost effective means of controlling animal pest species. Modern technology allows more precise distribution of aerial poison such as 1080 than in the past, and the amount of poison per hectare has been reduced while still maintaining effectiveness. If this is the case please explain why the operators drop into streams, creeks and other waterways.
The word ‘Aotearoa’ is the Waitaha name for the South Island of New Zealand, given in honour of one of the Maori canoes. Waitaha’s name for the North Island is ‘Whai Repo’. They never had a name for all of New Zealand. Aotearoa was never a Polynesian name, never applied to the entire country and certainly doesn’t translate to the ‘Land of the long White Cloud’ in any language. The whole Aotearoa thing is a myth from start to finish.
However, the use of poisons on a large scale, particularly near people's homes, poses ecological risks and raises community concerns.
The Green Party Environment policy aims to minimise the use of all persistent, environmentally damaging, or non-sustainably produced poisons, especially when using aerial distribution, and we strongly support research and promotion of other pest control methods.
Yet the hypocrisy of this is your former advocate Eugenie Sage being appointed to the Conservation Ministers role where she has approved increased funding for 1080 aerial dropping. Hypocrisy as its best and the likely downfall od the ‘Green Party’ especially if we have anything to do with it.
1080 poison is widely used to control pest species as it degrades relatively rapidly and is not bio-accumulative.
This is not correct the cereal depletes but the poison does not.
Nonetheless it is acutely toxic to a number of non-target animals including dogs and native wildlife, is considered inhumane by many, and there may be as yet undiscovered long-term toxicological effects arising from its widespread use.
And breaches the treaty through its indiscriminate spreading in our waterways and rivers – targeting our wild game animals.
The Green Party aspires to see indigenous biodiversity and farm animal health maintained and enhanced, and eradication and control of pest animals achieved with minimal use of poisons, and without the use of genetically modified organisms. We recognise that currently it is not feasible to stop all use of poisons for animal pest control without unacceptable adverse impacts on biodiversity and forest health.
Through years and years of the misuse of insecticides, pesticides and poisons the micro-organisms, insects, invertebrates and other ground dwelling animals let alone our native birds and other forest dwelling creatures, along with water and aquatic species are quickly being eradicated. Glysophates, diquat, rotenol and other poisons are one of the enemies of our native species yet we see little from the Green Party on this which is an absolute disgrace especially when we see there widespread use within NZ by local and central government. Where is the Green Part on this? – Nowhere.
However, we believe that current and developing integrated ground control methods offer opportunities, and that increased research and development will extend alternatives to aerial 1080 over time that are both affordable and effective.
The Green Party will:
1. In general, and wherever practical, support replacing poisons with humane and safe biological and physical controls. So where is the support and press release on this?
2. Continue to support a ban on the release or field trial of genetically engineered organisms into the environment (see our Agriculture and Rural Affairs policy for further details).
3. Promote, support and fund ground-based methods of pest control by a properly trained workforce in preference to aerial poisoning wherever they could reasonably achieve the desired conservation outcomes, especially in areas of lowland forest, around farms, near people's homes (i.e. closer than 200 m) and near waterways that supply human and stock drinking water. No press releases on the aerial dumping of 1080 on the Coromandel, Ruapehu and other areas, The green party have miserably let NZ’ers down.
4. Establish and fund comprehensive ground control training schemes for people willing and able to do this physically demanding work. Where are these training schemes?
5. Significantly increase funding for both research and implementation of
innovative, safe and humane methods of ground based pest control.
Where is the support for real and truthful scientific research on the affects of 1080 in water and the effects 1080 has on aquatic animals?
6. Where possible, eliminate the uncontrolled use of bio-accumulative and persistent poisons for animal pest control.
Science says that 1080 does not breakdown in water? Only the cereal used breaks down.However the government paid bureaucratic bunglers refute this because if they don’t they will lose their funding, hardly a democratic process.
7. Support greater involvement of local communities in maintaining and enhancing local biodiversity, and promote and fund a multi-agency approach to integrated animal pest control. Such an approach will
include educating the community on biodiversity values, threats and pest control methods, and engaging the public in community-led ground based control programmes.
The government agencies Ospri, TBfree and Doc orchestrated ‘consultation’ is an abomination, the process has never been effectively done or carried out in any community.It is a complete farce.
8. Coordinate and fund agencies to develop pest control schemes in collaboration with industries harvesting pest animals (e.g. the fur and textiles industry), in areas where pest animal harvesting and conservation outcomes can both be achieved.
Areas where ground trapping has been carried out for many years have had DoC cancelling the renewal of permits so they can dump 1080. Where is the green party supporting these trappers?
9. Support poison-free integrated animal pest control in partnership with the local community, whānau, hapū and iwi. These areas will be regularly monitored to transparently assess the effectiveness of control methods to ensure that desired biodiversity outcomes are being met and control methods improved.
Iwi Trustees are given backhanders to allow 2080 poisoning while the information is kept from hapu, who in the majority are against having their hunting, fishing and kai gathering grounds damaged and depleted of every living organism.
10. Investigate a strategy to progressively increase the proportion of ground control and progressively decrease the proportion of aerial control with the purpose of ensuring increased pest control coverage and effectiveness, and increased use.
We are disgusted at the lack of voice by the Green Party and their infiltration of both local and central government in order to allow the use of chemical weapons of mass destruction under the NZ legislation ‘Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 in the section on the Treaty of Waitangi, it states ‘All persons exercising powers and functions under this Act shall take into account the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi.
So Mr and Mrs Green Party – you should immediately disband or stand up and fight for the real and genuine Green Party policies now that you have a government voice. The current Green Party politicians are weak and gutless individuals that are a disgrace to the Green Party and the ideals on which it was founded.
1080: “Other metabolites include fluoride, fatty acids, cholesterol, carbon dioxide and other unidentified non-toxic compounds (Eason et al. 2011).”
“Some uncertainty is raised by Sykes et al. (1987) over potential 1080 accumulation in bone, as they detected progressive uptake of radio labelled F– over the first 2 hours of the study. This radioactivity could stem from both 1080 and the metabolite fluoride, as the latter has a high affinity for bone. It would be valuable to ascertain whether the accumulation is from fluoroacetate or fluoride and how long it persists, as there are potential safety implications for dogs that scavenge in pest control areas after the caution periods for the pesticide operations have concluded.”
Eason views fluoride as a non-toxic compound. But could it become toxic in combination with 1080 hence why carcasses are known to stay toxic for over a year? Studies has been done re toxicity in bones but the trial were sadly stopped after 75 days. It's not only dogs that scavenge. Pigs, insects, soil organisms would also be exposed to poisoned carcasses that are left to rot.
“Acknowledgements: this review was funded by the Department of Conservation. The authors are grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their assistance in improving this paper. Marvellous Jaboon arranged inter-library loans for many of the papers. We also thank Lynette Clelland and Amanda Todd for editorial support.”
So DoC is using anonymous reviewers now!!!!!! Rocks my faith in what they produce.
Dr Belinda Cridge a toxicologist and lecturer at the University of Otago, who thinks it’s is a good idea (or perhaps she thinks it funny) to undermine the EPA regulations, and put the public at risk by stating she is prepared to drink water containing 1080.
This is irresponsible behaviour for a so called senior staff person to indulge in. The effects of 1080 on humans are unknown as it is too dangerous to test on humans. It is lethal and has horrific effects at sub-lethal dosage.
The effects can only be guessed at, based on other mammals.
To place unsuspecting public at risk by downplaying the dangers of 1080 stated quite clearly in the regulations (the 1080 label and chemical data sheet) is arrogant, reckless and is close to criminal. Does the Otago University train its people to place the public at risk, or is this a person trying to lift her earnings from outside sources? Either way it is unacceptable. Dr Cridge and the Otago University should repair this damage done not only to the people coping with 1080 drops in and around their domestic water takes, but to the EPA who is being contradicted. The Public needs to have confidence in the EPA as they give guidelines on many chemicals. Norm Brown
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