Fish at your feet first and only slowly work out into the mainstream
Using one fly or nymph improves your control
Don’t bother with an indicator, watch the end of your line.
Strike at any hesitation in the line.
When the current takes it pull it out and recast, or wriggle float more line down.
Don’t disregard small backwaters, excellent dry fly water.
Treat your dry fly before using and change it or retreat with floatant after you catch a fish.
Don’t be in a hurry, let it float a while in a backwater.
Take, one, two, three and then strike
Fish have nostrils on the tips of their snouts and they use smell to find food. Fish also use sight to help find food and can see different colours.
Fish have taste buds on their lips, tongue and in the throat.
Fish can hear very well through an inner ear, so it pays to fish quietly. They also have a lateral line running across each flank and this picks up vibrations from the water. If you look carefully you can see the lateral line.
Fish are cold-blooded, which means that their body temperature varies with that of the environment. This allows them to live in cold water. They don’t have lungs, but take oxygen from the water through their gills.
Fish have a swim bladder to keep them afloat. It’s like a balloon in the body cavity next to the backbone.
Fish are streamlined to help them swim or glide through the water with little or no effort. Most fish have scales, which makes them streamlined, but also protects them. Scales are like a suit of armour and are covered with slime or mucous to stop disease attacking the fish.
Fish like a varied diet and eat many things. Cut open the gut of the first fish caught and see what it has been eating. This will help you choose the best bait/lure/fly to catch more fish.
Fish like to congregate near drop-offs. This rapid change from shallow to deep water provides quick access to food.
After tying a knot, do not cut the excess line too close, leave a little line so the excess can tighten up when playing a large fish. (Have you ever lost a fish and found a ‘pigtail’ end on the line).
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